TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorder is a condition that affects the joint that connects the jawbone to the skull. It can cause pain and discomfort in the jaw, face, and head.
Here are some things to know about TMJ treatment:
- Diagnosis: A diagnosis of TMJ disorder is typically made based on a patient’s symptoms and a physical exam of the jaw and head. In some cases, dental imaging or other tests may be used to rule out other conditions.
- Treatment options: Treatment options for TMJ disorder can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. Some common treatments include pain management, jaw exercises, and lifestyle modifications to reduce stress on the jaw.
- Oral appliances: Oral appliances such as splints or mouthguards may be used to help alleviate symptoms of TMJ disorder. These devices can help to reduce the strain on the jaw joint and improve jaw alignment.
- Medications: Pain medications or muscle relaxants may be used to manage pain and discomfort associated with TMJ disorder. In some cases, injections of Botox may also be used to help relax the muscles in the jaw.
- Surgery: In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to treat TMJ disorder. Surgical options may include arthrocentesis, in which fluid is injected into the joint to improve mobility, or arthroscopy, which involves inserting a small camera and surgical instruments into the joint to remove damaged tissue or repair the joint.
TMJ disorder can be a painful and uncomfortable condition that can be managed through a variety of treatment options, including pain management, jaw exercises, oral appliances, medications, and surgery. Treatment options will depend on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause, and a thorough diagnosis is an important first step in developing an effective treatment plan.
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